Bahoor Used in Urdu Poetry: A Research and Critical Review

Authors

  • Zia Ur Rehman PhD Scholar, Department of Urdu, University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
  • Anbreen Yousaf MPhil Scholar, Department of Urdu, MY University, Islamabad
  • Sadaf Naz MPhil Scholar, Department of Urdu, MY University, Islamabad

Keywords:

Urdu, Urooz , wazan , Bahoor, Poetry, Classical Poetry

Abstract

Urdu has its own metrical system like all other languages of the world which determines the structure, quality and pertinence of the verse. Urdu has benefited from Arabic and Persian languages as it is a compound and absorbent language; even there are some poetical forms that have been included in Urdu language and they are originally from the mentioned other two languages; especially the science of metrical structure of the poetry has been adopted in pursuance of Arabic and Persian languages, which is called “Ilm-e-Urooz”. There are seven “Mufrad Buhoor” while twelve “Murakkab Buhoor” out of total nineteen “Buhoor” prevailing in Arabic and non-Arabic metrical structures. But there is no “Bahr” out of these twelve “Murakkab Buhoor” that is in common  absolute use in Urdu poetry, however, there have been poetic works that adopt the “Zuhaf Awzan” of these “Buhoor”. About six of these “Buhoor” have been in common use in poetic works out of those twelve and the other six have been abandoned as they were not according to the style of Urdu language.

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Published

2023-12-29

How to Cite

Ur Rehman, Z., Anbreen Yousaf, & Naz, S. (2023). Bahoor Used in Urdu Poetry: A Research and Critical Review. Tahqeeq-O-Tajzia, 3(01), 1–14. Retrieved from https://tahqeeqotajzia.com/index.php/tot/article/view/15